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Symptom Signs of a child with dengue fever What is, how to properly care and treat at home, the right method is the issue that has received more attention in the past week. In particular, throughout the forums, a series of questions related to dengue fever in children are the most discussed and commented topics by mothers, some inexperienced people need advice on how to care for them. children, who have a bit of experience going first, pass it on to their mothers. Something like some questions about the causes of dengue fever, what are the first signs of dengue fever in children, whether or not there is a way to detect and prevent it early so that the disease can progress in a positive direction and more positive? The answer will be clearly explained by our consulting corner for your reference and reading.
Come on let’s gonhub.com we review the Signs and symptoms of dengue fever in children and How to take care of a child with dengue fever? at home according to the method below!
Mục Lục hide2 2. Advice on nutritional care for children with dengue fever to recover quickly
1. The earliest signs and symptoms of dengue fever in children
Most cases of dengue with severe complications are often late to the hospital, adversely affecting treatment results. So how can dengue fever be recognized as early as possible? This is a question that arises not only for the patient’s family, but also for the doctor, because early diagnosis of dengue fever is really not that simple.
Dengue fever usually needs to be identified within the first 3 days of fever onset. Early diagnosis is not based on tests, but mainly on the patient’s symptoms. Parents need to keep in mind two factors:
- Epidemiological factors (ie, in the family or neighbours, there is a person with dengue fever). If your child has a fever at this time, think a lot about the possibility that he has dengue fever.
- Clinical factors (patient’s symptoms): Note the first 3 days.
The patient has a high fever, sudden, continuous, fever without chills, red face, red throat without pain. There is no need to do any tests because at this point the tests are normal. Patients should be advised to return to the clinic daily to monitor other signs.
The patient continues to have a high, continuous fever. Try to look for signs of bleeding on the baby’s body such as bleeding under the skin on the abdomen, limbs, eyelids, neck. In case there is no sign of natural bleeding, we make an artificial hemorrhage, that is, make a ligature impression by taking a sphygmomanometer to measure the baby, keeping the average blood pressure between the maximum and the blood pressure. for at least 5 minutes, then see if there are signs of bleeding under the skin? A positive “ligament” sign is 5 or more subcutaneous haemorrhagic nodules over a skin area of 1cm2. The blood test on the 2nd day has not changed clearly, so it is not necessary to do it.
Signs of dengue fever become much more obvious. The patient still has a high fever and may have bleeding from the mucous membranes such as nosebleeds and teeth. If the child is above puberty, ask more about menstrual irregularities? Patients may experience discomfort, abdominal pain and vomiting. Please do a blood test, blood results if Hct increased 39-40%, platelet count less than 150,000 cells/mm3 is accurate diagnosis of dengue fever to over 90%. Dengue rapid test can be done on this day.
On the 4th and 5th day, the most obvious symptoms:
Thus, for early diagnosis of dengue fever, in the first 3 days, we pay close attention to the baby’s symptoms. Mothers must remember the date of onset of their child’s fever, their children’s signs to report to the doctor and focus on children with the above-mentioned signs to recognize dengue disease early. Take your child to the doctor every day and whenever he or she has unusual signs such as: lethargy, vomiting a lot, abdominal pain a lot, bleeding a lot, cold hands and feet. Early diagnosis, timely taking the child to the hospital, treatment of dengue fever will achieve the best results.
2. Advice on nutritional care for children with dengue fever to recover quickly
2.1 Lemon juice: Helps remove toxins from the body caused by dengue viruses. Lemon juice expels the virus through urine.
2.2 Soup: Will give the child strength to fight the pain in the joints. It also helps stimulate hunger and improves taste.
2.3 Protein: Foods rich in protein (protein) such as eggs, milk and dairy products are indispensable at this time.
2.4 Vegetable and fruit juices: Fresh fruit and vegetable juices are good for children with dengue fever. Experts say that pure vegetable juice can provide basic nutrients and help speed recovery. Children with dengue fever need more vitamin C to boost their immune system. Fruits rich in vitamin C are strawberries, guava, kiwi, papaya, which help in the production of lymphocytes. Vitamin C also has a direct effect on bacteria and viruses.
2.5 Coconut water: Children with dengue fever should also drink a lot of coconut water to replenish electrolytes and minerals lost due to dehydration.
2.6 Herbal teas: A good way to reduce fever is to drink natural herbal teas like ginger tea.
2.7 Porridge: When kids are struggling with this deadly virus, the best food is porridge. Eating porridge helps to increase strength and repel diseases.
2.8 Papaya: experts and doctors believe that papaya leaves are the best food for dengue patients. Crush 2 fresh papaya leaves and squeeze to extract the juice. Children with dengue fever should take 2 tablespoons of this juice daily in the morning or evening.
2.8 Orange juice: Contains a lot of energy and vitamins, can help with digestion, increase urine output and strengthen antibodies to help recover quickly.
Menu for children with dengue fever:
For children with dengue fever, in addition to drug treatment (Western or Eastern medicine), sick children need to have a diet and diet plan that reduces fever (clears heat), relieves pain (only system), increases blood pressure. high resistance, anti-vomiting … is very important to restore health.
The following soups have the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying, increasing the body’s immunity and preventing bleeding. The main flavor is ground or pounded peanuts, called “pure peanuts”, combined with some vegetables.
* For non-bleeding cases:
- Spinach washed, crushed 60-100g, ground peanuts 30-50g, cooked into soup.
- Freshly pressed pork liver to release all the blood, washed, chopped 20-30g; water spinach washed, crumpled 60-100g; ground peanuts 30-50g. Cook the sweet potato with peanuts, then add the pork liver and stir well, boil for 5 minutes.
- Green beans with shell, broken in half 50-60g, ground peanuts 30-50g, cooked soup.
- Amaranth (green or red, or amaranth rice) washed, finely chopped 60-100g, finely ground 30-50g. Cook peanuts, then add amaranth, boil for 10 minutes.
- Spinach washed, chopped 60-100g, ground peanuts 30-50g. Cook peanuts, then add spinach, boil for 10 minutes.
- Fresh purslane, washed, chopped 60-100g, ground peanuts 30-50g. Cook peanuts, then add sam, boil for 10 minutes.
- Thien Ly flowers washed 30-50g, ground peanuts 30-50g. Cook the peanuts, then add the natural flowers, boil for 5 minutes.
- Young leaves of Thien Ly 60-100g washed, chopped, cooked in soup with peanut puree.
* For children with dengue fever:
+ Use green bean juice, mint (menthol medicine in Oriental medicine):
- 50g green beans, peeled off,
- Mint leaves 30g,
- White sugar 30g.
Put green beans, mint in a pot, pour 1 liter of water, boil for 30 minutes, filter out residue and mix 30g of sugar with water. Use several times a day. Has the effect of clearing heat, cooling the body, only thirst (reducing thirst);
+ Watermelon honeysuckle:
- Take 200g watermelon rind, remove the green rind, keep the pulp, cut into pieces
- Wash the ingredients and put them in a pot, boil with 1 liter of water for 30 minutes, decant the residue, mix the water with 30 grams of diameter, drink it several times a day. Has the effect of clearing heat (cooling) and only bleeding (stopping bleeding);
+ Water spinach chrysanthemum flower:
- Water spinach 150g, remove the old stalks, wash.
- Chrysanthemum 20g, washed
Put water spinach, chrysanthemum flowers in a pot and boil with 1.5 liters of water for 20 minutes. Remove the residue, decant clear water. Add 50g of white sugar to water morning glory, chrysanthemum flower, boil again until all sugar is dissolved. Use several times a day. It has the effect of clearing heat, clearing blood, anti-hemorrhagic;
+ Celery porridge is very good for children with dengue fever:
- 150g celery, washed, cut into short pieces,
- 5 big apples, washed,
- 100g plain rice, washed,
- Sugar 50g.
Put rice and big apples in a pot, pour enough water to stew thoroughly into porridge, add celery to boil for another 5 minutes, add sugar and stir well to eat breakfast and dinner. This porridge has the effect of clearing heat, balancing the blood, keeping blood, only blood, very good for people with dengue fever.
+ Pumpkin porridge:
- 150g squash, peeled green, cut into pieces.
- 100g plain rice, washed,
Put the rice in the pot, pour enough water to cook it into porridge, then add the chopped squash and cook for another 10 minutes, then add a little salt enough to eat or 50g of white sugar depending on your taste. Take it out to cool and eat it for breakfast and dinner. This porridge has the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying, and revitalizing, which is very good for patients with dengue fever.
3. How to take care of children dengue At home, the right method mom needs to know
3.1 Take medicine according to the doctor’s instructions
There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Only fever-reducing medicine and a few tonics are given to patients at home by doctors. Antipyretics are only used that do not adversely affect the stomach or increase the risk of bleeding. The safe drug is Paracetamol, use the dose according to the instructions, about 4 times a day when the patient has a fever. Combine with warm water wipe if the patient has a fever over 39 degrees Celsius.
Antipyretic drugs such as Ibufrophen, Aspirin are not used, because they are very harmful in patients with dengue.
Daily follow-up, sometimes several times a day, comply with the doctor’s instructions, do not arbitrarily stop re-examination, because there are cases where the child’s fever is gone, which is a sign of dengue fever. heavy.
There are 5 signs that a child is getting worse, mothers need to recognize early to take their child to the hospital immediately: lethargy, lethargy or restlessness, vomiting a lot, abdominal pain a lot, bleeding, cool and cold hands and feet.
As long as you have 1 of the 5 signs above, you need to go to the nearest hospital. In fact, in cases where the disease shows signs of worsening, mothers often ignore it, thinking that their child has stomach pain or indigestion, so they should continue to leave it at home, when it is too late to take them to the hospital, treatment is difficult. extremely towel.
3.2 Encourage children to drink plenty of water
When a child has a fever, it is easy to lose water, along with symptoms of fatigue, poor appetite, and poor drinking, making it easy for children to lack more water, so we should pay attention to children drinking lots of water. The amount of water used for children under 5 years old is about 500-1,500ml per day, children over 5 years old are about 2,000 to 2,500ml per day. All kinds of water that children like can be used such as orange juice, coconut water, lemon juice, spring water, cooled boiled water. It is recommended to change different types of water so that the child does not get bored.
Children should not drink red, brown, black or carbonated drinks such as sassafras, dark fruit juice, beet juice, watermelon because it will be difficult to distinguish between red-brown stomach bleeding. and juice when the child has vomiting.
Give your child loose, easy-to-digest food such as rice, porridge, soup. Avoid eating foods that are too greasy, children will find their stomach full and difficult to digest. Do not eat pig’s blood, duck’s blood because children will have black stools, easily mistaken for gastrointestinal bleeding.
Dengue fever treatment is a close cooperation between the patient’s family and the doctor, in which the role of the direct caregiver of the children in general and the mother in particular is very important, contributing to protecting the health of the children. children’s health in the best way.
With the symptoms of dengue fever in children listed above, have you discovered in time if your child has fallen into any of these symptoms? Dengue fever in young children is not a rare disease, especially in the rainy season, when mosquitoes proliferate rapidly and carry viruses that cause disease massively, so the right care and protection for children is correct. Preventing mosquito bites is essential. One more note is, the house must be neat and tidy, avoid storing many jars and jars to prevent mosquitoes from multiplying and carrying dangerous pathogens. For infants and young children, due to the immature immune system and resistance, they will easily catch dengue fever, if left for a long time the disease becomes dangerous and difficult to control. Be alert to protect your children when there are signs of an outbreak of dengue fever in the living area. I wish you to raise a healthy child – raise a good child. Always accompany and support gonhub.com!
Mother – Baby – Tags: children’s health
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